Dating systems bce
21, 22, 23, 25, 27), and one is in the final concluding editorial chapter (ch. In the Yellow Emperor sections in which Laozi is the main figure, four passages contain direct attacks on Confucius and the Confucian virtues of gives the following, probably fictional, account of Confucius's impression of Laozi: "Master, you've seen Lao Dan—what estimation would you make of him?" Confucius said, "At last I may say that I have seen a dragon—a dragon that coils to show his body at its best, that sprawls out to display his patterns at their best, riding on the breath of the clouds, feeding on the 's picture of the philosopher.However, based on recent archaeological finds at Guodian in 1993 and Mawangdui in the 1970s we have no doubt that there were several simultaneously circulating versions of the DDJ text that pre-dated Wang Bi’s compilation of what we now call the “received text.” Mawangdui is the name for a site of tombs discovered near Changsha in Hunan province.The Mawangdui discoveries include two incomplete editions of the DDJ on silk scrolls (boshu) now simply called "A" and "B." These versions have two principal differences from the versions.
According to the biography, during the course of their conversations Laozi told Confucius to give up his prideful ways and seeking of power.Accordingly, the point of the story that mentions Laozi's occupation as librarian or an archivist (ch.13) is that Confucius' writings, offered to Laozi by Confucius himself, are simply not worthy to be put into a library.Sima Qian adds another layer to the biography without commenting on the degree of confidence he has in its truthfulness, according to which it is said that Laozi lived 160 years or even 200 years, as a result of cultivating the and nurturing his longevity. that Zhou and Qin would break apart and that a new king would arise from Qin. ) had the power to predict the political future of the people, including the fragmentation of the Zhou dynasty and the rise of the Qin in about 221 B. But Sima Qian likewise refuses to identify Laozi with this Dan.An additional tradition included in the first biography is that Dan, the historiographer of Zhou predicted in 479 B. Finally, the first biography concludes with a reference to Laozi’s son and his descendants. This was necessitated by Lao Dan's association with the grand historiographer Dan during the Zhou, who predicted the rise of the Qin state.