Dating agency bulgaria romania
Table of Contents: Romania The territory of present-day Romania was known as Dacia in antiquity and Jewish tombstones dating from early times have been found there.
The Jews may have come as merchants or in other capacities with the Roman legions that garrisoned the country from 101 C. and early missionary activity in Dacia may have been due to the existence of Jewish groups there.
They were invited either to reestablish war-ravaged towns (1761, Suceava) or to enlarge others (1796, Focsani).
The newcomers were encouraged by the landowners to found commercial centers, the so-called burgs.
Yet his prestige was slight, and learned rabbis were considered by the Jews as their real spiritual leaders.
Because of strife among the diverse groups of Jews and their complaints to the authorities, the hakham bashi system was abolished in 1834.
On the other hand, the first books of anti-Jewish incitement of a religious character appeared around this time: the Golden Order (Jassy, 1771) and A Challenge to Jews (Jassy, 1803).
In 1719, a hakham bashi, Bezalel Cohen, was first appointed for Walachia and Moldavia by the suzerain, the sultan.
The collective tax was paid from the tax on kosher meat, the expenses of the institutions (talmud torah, hekdesh, cemetery) were covered by the remainder.
The center of the guild was in Jassy, and its head was named staroste ("senior"; Heb. In Bucharest, this function was carried out by the representative of the hakham bashi.