Consequences of invalidating environments
Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research, and intervention (pp. Disorganized attachment in early childhood: Meta-analysis of precursors, concomitants, and sequelae. An individualized person-centered approach is required to respond to self-harm, including a combination of practical, medical, and psychological approaches as indicated.Involvement of families in the process of understanding the meaning of and responding to self-harm through education and family therapy, as well as education of healthcare professionals beyond risk factor notation may be indicated. Attachment styles and personality disorders: Their connections to each other and to parental divorce, parental death, and perceptions of parental caregiving. Communication patterns, internal working models, and the intergenerational transmission of attachment relationships. An Attachment-Based Model of Parental Alienation: Foundations, C.
Parents’ unresolved traumatic experiences are related to infant disorganized attachment status: Is frightened and/or frightening parental behavior the linking mechanism? Enmeshment in one parent-child relationship is often counterbalanced by disengagement between the child and the other parent (Cowan & Cowan, 1990; Jacobvitz, Riggs, & Johnson, 1999).” Macfie, J. Revisiting the construct of boundary dissolution: A multidimensional perspective. From page 10 "By binding the child in an overly close and dependent relationship, the enmeshed parent creates a psychological unhealthy childrearing environment that interferes with the child's development of an autonomous self... Attachment, detachment and borderline personality disorder. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 34(2), 171-181. The insecure/ambivalent pattern of attachment: Theory and research.